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|Collection of Thoughts from Hindu Mystics - Part II (standard:non fiction, 1090 words) [2/4] show all parts|
|Author: Juggernaut||Added: Nov 27 2010||Views/Reads: 1215/855||Part vote: 0.00 (0 votes)|
|Collection of Swami Vivekananda thoughts.|
Collection of Thoughts from Hindu Mystics Part II Subba Rao Swami Vivekananda on Vendanta Philosophy The Vendanta philosophy really comprises of all the scriptures or Vedas of Hindus which are not necessarily hymns and rituals. The Vedas are divided into two parts. The Karma-Kanda (work) and Gyana (Jnana)-Kanda (Knowledge). The famous hymns and rituals belong to Karma-Kanda whereas the Upanishads belong to Gyana (Jnana)-Kanda. The Upanishads, around 108 in number dated well before Buddhistic movement. Karma-Kanda was a search in external nature for the truths of the Universe. It was an attempt to get the solution of the deep problems of life from the material world. Gyana (Jnana)-Kanda: for all practical purposes for ages, Shruti meant the Upanishads, the basis for Gyana Kanda. All Hindu philosophers namely Vyasa, Patanjali, Gautama and even the father of all philosophies Kapila himself whenever wanted an authority for what they wrote and they referred to Shruti or Upanishads. Vyasa was the first one that presented the doctrines of Vedanta or Vedanta philosophy. These Sutras (doctrines) of Vyasa have been explained variously by different commentators that resulted in three (3) systems of philosophies and sects. One is Dualistic or Dvaita, the second sect is qualified non-Dualistic or Vishista-Dvaita and the third non-dualistic or Advaita Shankaracharya, Ramanuja and Madhava were commentators that brought back Vedanta philosophy subsequent to Buddhist movement that re-established Hinduism in India. Shankara revived the non-dualistic form (Advaita). Ramanuja revived qualified non-dualistic form (Vishista-Advaita) and Madhava revived dualistic form (Dvaita). According to Dvaita philosophy God is the creator of the Universe, and its preserver. God is one to be worshiped and the ruler is eternally separate from the nature (outside the nature and external) and eternally separate from the Human Soul. Dvaita or Dualism is very good as means of worship, very satisfying to the mind. This is the religion of the masses in India today (hymns and rituals) Advaita believe that God, Nature and the Soul are one. But if man wants to be rational and religious at the same time, Advaita or non Dualistic form is the one that satisfy but it is difficult to practice by a common man. According to Advaita philosophy, the same divine nature present in the lowest worm as well as in highest human being. The little personalized Self is the cause of all misery. The individualized self which makes me different from all other beings brings hatred, jealousy, misery, struggle and all other evils. When the idea of self is get rid of, all the struggles will cease and all miseries vanish. The prison of misery has been changed into Sat (pronounced as sath means existence absolute), Chit (pronounced chith means knowledge absolute), Anand means (means Bliss absolute). Therefore Sat, Chit, Anand are the attainment of the goal of the Advaita philosophy. In Advaitism, human thought attains its highest expression and even goes beyond the mystery which seems to be impenetrable. Advaitism is too abstract, too elevated to be the religion of the masses. Even in India, the birth place of Advaitism where it has been ruling supreme for the last 3000 years, it has not been able to permeate the masses. It is difficult for even the most thought out man and woman in any country to understand Advaitism. Click here to read the rest of this story (58 more lines)
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